Internal inscriptions: (on the edge of the bowl): “Āyat al-Kursī” (“Verse of the Throne” Koran II, 255); followed by verse 256 of the same chapter: “There is no constraint in religion. The straight road stands out clearly from error. Therefore, those who refuse idols and believe in Allah, grasp the firmest grip without the risk of yielding. Allah is audience, is wise”. The Koran, XLVIII “Al-Fatḥ”, “Victory”; verses 1-26. External inscriptions, du‘ā  shiita prayer: “O Allāh! Bless Muḥammad al-Muṣṭafà, imām  ‘Alī al-Murtaḍà, imām  Ḥasan al-Mujtabà, imām  Ḥusayn ash-shahīd  bi Karbalā, imām  ‘Alī Zayn al-‘Abidīn, imām  Muḥammad al-Bāqir, imām  Ja‘far aṣ-Ṣādiq, imām  Mūsà al-Kāẓim, imām  ‘Alī ar-Riḍà, imām  Muḥammad at-Taqī, imām  ‘Alī an-Naqī (az-Zakī), imām  Ḥasan al-‘Askarī, imām  Muḥammad al-Mahdī.” Koran, XLVIII “Al-Fatḥ” (“Victory”, 26-29). Koran, CIX “Al-Kāfirūn” (“The non-religious”).

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